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Unsorted Documents 2

articles & documents

A Behavioral Classification System for UFO Sightings

Mark Cashman, The Temporal Doorway

Sufficient catalogs and literature exist to distinguish a limited repertoire of UFO behaviors. In fact, what is fascinating is that these behaviors fit into a set of categories which at least appear to represent intelligent actions, and which are certainly of a countable number. This classification system is an "event" oriented system. In other words, it should be used to classify a UFO event, rather than an object.

A Critique of the Paranormal UFO Theories of Vallee and Keel

Mark Cashman, The Temporal Doorway

In the study of UFOs, two theories of the origin of UFOs stand out - the Extraterrestrial Hypothesis (ETH) and the paranormal hypothesis (PNH). While I do not currently find that the data is sufficient to support either theory, I believe that paranormal theories of UFO origin have had a significant effect, and that, in general, that effect has not been beneficial to the advancement of the study of UFOs. I would not claim that paranormal theories of UFOs are invalid, but I would tend to say that they are unprofitable, in the sense that they predict everything, and, thus, nothing.

American Polygraph Association FAQs

American Polygraph Association

The American Polygraph Association believes that scientific evidence supports the high validity of polygraph examinations. Thus, such examinations have great probative value and utility for various uses in the criminal justice system.  R

An Analysis of UFO Luminosity

Mark Cashman, The Temporal Doorway

The problem of UFO luminosity is an important one. Of all of the features of the UFO pattern, UFO emissions of visible light are among the most notable and characteristic. An analysis of photographs can reveal important features of UFO luminosity, given that the photos are authentic. In addition, there appears to be a close correlation between luminosity and behavior. The luminosity brightens, dims, changes color, and flashes, often showing a direct relationship to behavior.

An Introduction to MUFON

John Schuessler, MUFON International Director

The Mutual UFO Network, Inc. is an international scientific organization composed of people seriously interested in studying and researching the phenomenon known as Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs) by combining their mutual talents, areas of expertise and investigative efforts. MUFON is the acronym for the Mutual UFO Network. MUFON firmly believes that a concentrated scientific study by dedicated investigators and researchers will provide the ultimate answer to the UFO enigma.  R

British FOIA Rendlesham File Released

The Times (London), 20 November 2002

The so-called Rendlesham File, now available for public inspection, is a fat catalogue of increasingly despairing correspondence between the Ministry of Defence and members of the public after the sighting of unexplained lights in Rendlesham Forest, near the RAF base at Woodbridge, Suffolk, in December 1980.  R

Chronology of UFO History

FUFOR (Fund for UFO Research)

Very good timeline of UFO history, from the Fund for UFO Research

Comments On The Extraterrestrial Hypothesis To Explain UFO Data

Mark Cashman, The Temporal Doorway

There are several levels of theorization relating to the ETH. At the first level of theorization, we have the OEH - the objective existence hypothesis, which states: "UFOs are an objectively existent phenomenon, not a subjectively (i.e. psychologically or culturally) existent phenomenon." At the second level of theorization we have the ETH (and others, including the paranormal hypothesis). The basic ETH may be formulated as "UFO sightings are observations of technological objects which derive from an intelligent, non-terrestrial source." At the third level, we have theories of origin and intent. This article considers the second level hypothesis.

Condon Report Proves Accuracy of Witnesses

Brad Sparks, UFO Updates Mailing List, Apr 2001

As much as they like Condon's conclusions about the alleged unreliability and inaccuracy of eyewitnesses, debunkers have never done any in-depth study of the data on witness accuracy that is contained in the Condon Report. R

Cosmic Pro-Lifers

Kenneth Silber, TCS (Tech Central Station)

Questions about extraterrestrial life - whether it exists, what it would be like, how to look for it - generate very little scientific consensus. Some scientists enthuse over the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, which listens for radio signals from alien civilizations. Others propound the Rare Earth Hypothesis, which states that an array of unusual factors allowed complex life to arise here, and that any life we find elsewhere would likely be as simple as bacteria.  R

Determining The Truth Or Falsity Of The Misperception/Hoax/Hallucination Hypothesis (MHH)

Mark Cashman, The Temporal Doorway

It is my contention that the MHH (Misperception/Hoax/Hallucination Hypothesis) can, indeed, be proven or disproven. This document discusses the discriminators which I believe exist for this hypothesis.

Doing Science On UFOs

Mark Cashman, The Temporal Doorway

If we are ever to know whether or not UFOs exist, we must do science on the subject[footnote 5]. If we accept that UFOs are objectively existent, based on the evidence to date, then establishing the nature of the phenomenon and its technology (if any), will require science to be done on the subject. If we do not accept that UFOs are objectively existent, there is still much fascinating scientific work to be done in the areas of determining the genesis of these reports and the determinants of their structure, content, and the correlations between reports widely dispersed in time and space. None of this has been undertaken in any broad sense to date.

Exclusive Interview: Vallee Discusses UFO Control System

Jerome Clark, FATE Magazine 1978

A noted scientist-UFO researcher proposes a startling theory about what UFOs may be, how they behave and what we can do about them. Jacques Vallee is one of ufology's major figures - and also its most original thinker.  R

Frequently asked questions about UFOs -- a UFO FAQ

CUFOS, Center for UFO Studies

This list represents the commonest questions that people new to the subject ask about the UFO phenomenon. We have tried to keep the answers simple, so that students and interested persons of all ages can grasp the essentials of this very complex subject. The questions here are concerned with the UFO phenomenon in general.

Have we lost our curiosity?

Billy Cox, Florida Today, Jul 30, 2002

In 1953, Page, an astrophysicist, and Durant, a Navy test pilot, participated in a CIA-sponsored study of unidentified flying objects that became known as the Robertson Panel.  R

Introduction to Ufology


The word "ufology" is made of "UFO" and "logos". It's used to describe the study of UFOs, mostly leaded by single people or by private centres.  R

Introduction to UFOs

FUFOR - Fund for UFO Research

Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs) constitute the #1 worldwide scientific mystery of the last half century. They have been seen by hundreds of thousands of people in almost every country. They have been tracked on radar and photographed. They have left impressions in the ground, and burn marks on witnesses.

Measurements, Calculations And Experiments Related To UFOs

Mark Cashman, The Temporal Doorway

A surprising number of measurements and scientific experiments have been done in relation to UFOs. The function of this document is to categorize this work and make it available to a broader audience.

Ministers lift lid on UFO secrets (BBC)

BBC, Nov 28, 2002

Details of a mysterious "glowing" UFO seen close to an RAF base more than 20 years ago have been released under the Freedom of Information Act.  R

NASA Factsheet: The US Government and Unidentified Flying Objects

NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

Official NASA factsheet and statement on UFOs. R

NIDS (National Institute of Discovery Science) Reading List

NIDS (National Institute of Discovery Science)

While NIDS does not necessarily endorse all of their claims, the following books and articles provide a good overview for those new to the UFO phenomenon, in addition to the articles posted on our Aerial Phenomenology/UFOs page. Check your local library or used book store for books that are out of print.

Open UFO Files To Rest Of Us Earthlings

Leslie Kean, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, December 13, 2002

There is no longer an acceptable justification for the withholding of reports on UFO incidents decades old, whether they are of defense interest or not. Nor is it acceptable for the attorney general unilaterally to refuse to enforce information act. The American people should not have to rely on Spielbergian science fiction for answers.  R

Philip J. Klass Collection - American Philosophical Society

American Philosophical Society

Klass has investigated UFO sightings in an effort to find a credible prosaic explanation, and became one of the most widely recognized UFO "debunkers." The Klass Collection relate to his forty-plus years of investigating UFO sightings, and includes correspondence with many of the leading UFOlogists, both pro and con. The collection contains case files, subject files, and correspondence.

Politicking and Paradigm Shifting: James E. McDonald and the UFO Case Study (Thesis)

Paul E. McCarthy, December 1975, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Hawaii

Dr. McCarthy's dissertation is a remarkable document in the history of the phenomenon. In it, he chronicles the activities of Dr. James E. McDonald and other participants in a number of UFO-related controversies between 1966 and 1970. This was a critical period of scientific and political decision-making on the issue. Scientifically, this was the period when the Colorado UFO project was conducted; its report to the Air Force recommended that further scientific study of UFOs not be supported. Those who disagreed with the methods and conclusions of that project, most prominently Dr. McDonald, undertook an explicitly political campaign to persuade the public and the scientific community that the Colorado investigators (and by implication the scientific community as a whole) had gone astray. Dr. McCarthy's dissertation, in effect, links these two documents by telling the story of Dr. McDonald's involvement in both. But the dissertation goes further. Dr. McCarthy proposes the intriguing thesis that what Dr. McDonald attempted was nothing less than a fundamental "paradigm shift" in the Kuhnian sense, [3] in which an entire field of science goes through a revolutionary alteration of intellectual outlook and theoretical structure.

Seen a UFO? Seattle reporting center wants to know

The Associated Press, 07/27/2002

Proof that we are not alone? Almost certainly, says Peter Davenport, a former biotech executive and self-described “alien hunter” who has posted those and 1,124 other sightings already this year on the Web site of the Seattle-based National UFO Reporting Center.  R

SETI Institute - Statement on UFOs

SETI Institute

In addition to the unlikelihood that we have been visited by extraterrestrials, there is no scientific evidence to prove it. Personal accounts are not physical or verifiable evidence. These reasons are sufficient to exclude UFO's from the research objectives of the SETI Institute.  R

The History Of The Disclosure Project

Dr. Steven Greer, Director, Disclosure Project

Beginning in 1993, I started an effort that was designed to identify firsthand military and government witnesses to UFO events and projects, as well as other evidence to be used in a public disclosure. From 1993, we spent considerable time and resources briefing the Clinton Administration, including CIA Director James Woolsey, senior military officials at the Pentagon, and select members of Congress, among others.  R

The Main Obstacle

Don Berliner, The Fund for UFO Research, Inc., 2002

There are two primary and closely connected reasons why UFOs are not treated seriously by the scientific community and the mainstream press. One is their acceptance of the work of the U.S. Air Force's Project Blue Book UFO investigation of 1948-1969. The other is their acceptance of the report of the University of Colorado's study of UFOs in 1966-1968, paid for by the Air Force.

The Nuclear Connection

By Richard H. Hall

It was not until I began reviewing reams of literature while doing research for The UFO Evidence, Volume II, in the mid-1990s that a more obvious pattern began to emerge: a strong correlation of sightings with nuclear weapons.

The Problem with "Disclosure"

Michael Brownlee, May 7, 2001, Awakenings

Beginning May 9, at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C., Dr. Steven Greer’s long-held dream of bringing about public disclosure of the reality of extraterrestrial visitors to earth will reach its zenith. On that day, Greer – founder and international director of the non-profit Center for the Study of Extraterrestrial Intelligence (http://www.cseti.org/) – will host a major press conference featuring presentations by twenty-some “first-hand military and government witnesses to UFO events.”  R

The Rockefeller UFO Report: Or, How a Millionaire and a Socialite New Ager are Trying to Influence World Leaders about UFOs

Paul B. Thompson, Nebula Editor

As might be guessed by his name, Laurence Rockefeller has a lot of money. He's the grandson of John D. Rockefeller, founder of the dynasty, and brother of John D. III, Nelson, Winthrop, and David Rockefeller. Now 86 years old, Laurance Rockefeller has long listened to his own personal, internal drummer. He's also been interested in UFOs for a long time, and often puts his money where his mind is. For example:  R

The Strange Relationship of the U.S. Government and UFOs

Don Berliner, The Fund for UFO Research, Inc.; 2002

For more than a half-century, the U.S. government has been involved in the UFO mystery. It has mixed brilliant tactics with amazing blunders. The result is an intensified mystery and a steady drop in the public's confidence in its government.

The UFO Literature: A General Review (Dennis Stacy)

Dennis Stacy, MUFON

The following survey and summary does not pretend to be complete or objective; the field is far too vast for such sentiments and is expanding exponentially even as we speak. The best we can do is list several categories (you may think of others) and their most prominent and representative titles.  R

The UFO Phenomenon: Laugh, Laugh, Study, Study

J. Allen Hynek, Technology Review, July 1981, pp. 50-58

The phenomenon of "unidentified flying objects" (UFOs), though few would call it part of science, is also both shocking and paradoxical. UFO reports are often an outrage to common sense. The persistent flow of reports, from all parts of the world, of an object or a luminosity in the sky or on or near the earth defies rational explanation even when made by persons of acknowledged responsibility. Indeed, if these observations are even partially true, understanding them may require a breakthrough -- at least in our thinking about the world around us.  R

The Volume Of UFO Reports Over Time

Mark Cashman, The Temporal Doorway

Those who have studied the UFO phenomenon have long been aware that the volume and geography of UFO reports vary over time.

UFO Occupant Contact Behavioral Classification System

Mark Cashman, The Temporal Doorway

Close Encounters of The Third Kind[footnote 1], the designation coined by Dr. J. Allen Hynek for UFO reports where animate beings are observed in connection wth an unidentified object, are an important part of the phenomenon. Recently, another type of case, the abduction case, has also attained prominence in UFO research. The following is an attempt to impose order on CE3 and abduction reports by classifying them as members of categories.

UFOCAT Database Info (CUFOS / UFOCAT.com) - Latest version (2003)

Donald Johnson, UFOCAT.com / CUFOS

UFOCAT refers to a computer database of over 170,000 UFO reports and related information. It is the result of a 36-year effort that began during the U.S. Air Force sponsored Colorado UFO Project, also known as the "Condon Committee."  R

UFOCAT Database Information and Background (CUFOS)

CUFOS, Center for UFO Studies

UFOCAT2000 is the updated version of UFOCAT99 with more entries. UFOCAT99 refers to a computer database of over 109,000 UFO reports and related information released in May 1999. It is the result of a 30-year effort that began during the Air Force sponsored Colorado UFO Project, also known as the “Condon Committee.”

UFOs - Extraterrestrial Probes?

James McDonald, Astronautics and Aeronautics, August 1967, p. 19-20

On the basis of an intensive study of the UFO problem, I believe that the extraterrestrial-origin hypothesis must now be given extremely serious scientific attention. There is, in my opinion, no sensible alternative to the utterly shocking hypothesis that the UFOs are extraterrestrial probes.  R

UFOs - Is There A Middle Ground Between Skepticism And Belief? (Canada)

Susan McClelland and John Betts, Macleans Magazine, Canada, 9-9-2001


UFOs and the National Security State: An Unclassified History - Introduction

Richard Dolan, UFOs and the National Security State

The UFO problem is a real one. It has involved military personnel around the world for more than fifty years, and is wrapped in secrecy. Over the years, however, enough pieces of the puzzle have emerged to give us a sense of what the picture looks like. What I have tried to do is very simple: to use as many of those pieces as possible in constructing a clear, straightforward, historical narrative of the UFO problem, focusing on the national security dimensions.

UFOs in 15th century paintings

Richard Owen, news.com.au (Australia), December 04, 2002 (The Times / The Australian)

ITALY'S Old Masters were recording flying saucers and UFOs in their paintings as far back as the 15th century, according to a scientist in Rome. Roberto Volterri argues that artists dating back to 1406 included evidence of "strange objects in the sky" for later generations to see.  R

UK opens its own 'X-file'

CNN, Nov 29, 2002

It could have been an "X-Files" episode: More than 20 years ago, U.S. airmen reported seeing a "strange glowing object" near a British air base. The report, dozens of pages long, is only now being released as part of an opening-up of the inner workings of the UK government.  R

Uncovering the big UFO cover-up: An Interview with Dr. Steven Greer

Share International / Lightnet / The Informer - 19th September 2000

An interview with Dr Steven Greer, a physician and founder of CSETI (the Center for the Study of Extraterrestrial Intelligence), calling for public hearings on the military-industrial cover-up of UFO events world wide. R

Walter Cronkite’s UFO Encounter

Bill Knell

He’s the Newsperson that was there during some of the most history- making events of this century. From the JFK assassination to the first steps of human beings on the Moon. Walter Cronkite was the Reporter who covered those and so many other important events. As CBS Evening News Anchor for many years, Cronkite became a part of many American families as he brought us the news in a straight-forward and fair manner.  R

'Why I believe UFOs are bunk' (BBC article)

BBC, Dec 3, 2002

Government papers suggest that details of a "UFO scare" in Suffolk in 1980 were suppressed in order to avoid public panic. BBC News Online Science Editor Dr David Whitehouse says we should abandon the UFO "myth". R

websites & organizations

Archives for UFO Research (AFU - Sweden)

Archives for UFO Research was founded in Sweden in 1973. Today the AFU archives is one of the most complete repositories for UFO data & UFO folklore in the world. The collection represents more than 500 meters on our shelves.

BBCi - Space - UFOs


BBC website on UFOs.

Dr. Bruce Maccabee Research Website

Bruce Maccabee

Welcome to my website! I am producing this site as a location for my research on many UFO cases.

Historical Artwork & UFOs - UFOArtwork.com - Matthew Hurley

Matthew Hurley, UFOArtwork.com

For a number of years I have been intrigued by old artwork that appears to depict UFOs. The artwork in my collection consists of frescos, tapestries, illustrations, oil paintings and early photographs. Although some of the artwork represents actual sightings, others feature UFOs in a religious context. Whatever the truth is, there are UFOs in these pieces of artwork and one can ponder and reflect on this truth. I hope this collection will give gravitas to the idea that we have been visited by UFOs for thousands of years and whose occupants may have had an effect on our own genesis & evolution.

MUFON Journal Back-issues Archive


A twenty-four page monthly magazine, the MUFON UFO JOURNAL is MUFON's most significant means of sharing details of UFO sighting reports and vital information related to the UFO phenomenon with our members throughout the world. A subscription to the Journal is included in the annual membership dues of $35.00 in the U.S.A. and $40.00 in foreign countries in U.S. funds.

Mysticlink.com - Rare and used books on UFOs, Paranormal and Occult Studies

Veronica's Books / Mysticlinks.com

Welcome to the home of Veronica's Books, your Mystic Link to rare and out of print books on the paranormal, occult, UFOs, and other metaphysical studies. Among our largest browsable catalogs are rare and out-of-print books on UFOs, ESP/Psychic Phenomena, Occult, Spiritualism, Alternative Health, New Age, Consciousness, and Conspiracy.

Out of the Blue: The definitive investigation of the UFO phenomenon - An award-winning UFO documentary

Out of the Blue

This award-winning documentary reveals, through exclusive interviews with high-ranking military and government personnel, that some Unidentified Flying Objects could be of extraterrestrial origin. The film, narrated by PETER COYOTE, brings to light how secrecy and ridicule are used to shroud the UFO issue.

The Klass Files - Skeptics UFO Newsletter archives

Philip J. Klass',Skeptics UFO Newsletter (CSICOP)

The Klass Files is an online archive of Philip J. Klass' Skeptics UFO Newletter (SUN), maintained by the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal.


Dr. Donald Johnson, (CUFOS / UFOCAT.com)

UFOCAT refers to a computer database of over 170,000 UFO reports and related information. It is the result of a 36-year effort that began during the U.S. Air Force sponsored Colorado UFO Project, also known as the "Condon Committee." UFOCAT99 was first released in the Autumn of 1999 with over 111,000 records, and the current UFOCAT 2003 version has over 172,000 records.